Particle Physics Questions Part Three (Accelerators/Detectors)
a review of the pages linked from the Physics section (including those
references contained in the introductory remarks and under the figures), you
should be able to answer all of the following questions. Note the key vocabulary words are in italics.
following questions refer to the physics of accelerators and detectors.
a linear accelerator (LINAC) and a circular accelerator. Point out some ways that a LINAC
differs from a circular accelerator.
In what types of experiments have LINACs been successfully used?
at least two effects in a circular accelerator that cause a particle to
the key physics differences between fixed target and collision
are the main reasons that higher energy accelerators are necessary in
are the major components of the detector in a high-energy
particle collison experiment (like D0 and CDF at
Fermilab)? What are the functions
of each of those components?
is the effect of the magnetic field in the detectors used for a
collision experiment? How do we
detect particles that are not influenced by magnetic fields?
how a particle collision demonstrates the vector conservation of
- Some collision
products are particles that decay very rapidly. They do not travel far enough from the
collision site to enter the detector. What types of evidence establish the presence of these